Diabetic Eye Disease

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Diabetic Eye Disease

Diabetic eye disease includes a range of problems that people with diabetes may experience due to unstable increased blood sugar levels. The most common complications from diabetes include diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema.

Diabetic Retinopathy and Diabetic Macular Edema

Diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema are the most common forms of diabetic eye disease and the leading causes of blindness in the United States.

Diabetic Eye Disease

What Is Diabetic Retinopathy?

Diabetic Retinopathy consists of pathological changes in the blood vessels in the retina. Changes in the blood vessels may cause swelling and leaking of fluid in the retina or growth of new, leaky blood vessels in the retina.

What Is Diabetic Macular Edema?

Diabetic macular edema occurs when new, leaky blood vessels grow into the retina due to unstable blood sugar levels. These new blood vessels leak fluid under the retina, causing swelling around the macula (the area of the retina that allows us to see fine details and gives us the majority of our color vision).

What Causes Diabetic Retinopathy and Diabetic Macular Edema?

Diabetic Retinopathy is a complication of unstable blood sugar levels that causes pathological changes in the blood vessels in the retina.

How Can I Prevent Diabetic Retinopathy or Diabetic Macular Edema?

The best way to prevent diabetic complications is through blood sugar control, diet, and exercise. Maintaining a stable blood sugar level is vital to maintaining healthy vision.

How Is Diabetic Retinopathy and Diabetic Macular Edema Treated?

The first step to managing diabetic complications is to get your blood sugar under control. In addition, your primary physician may prescribe diabetic medication to control your blood sugar levels.

To treat your retinopathy or macular edema, your eye doctor may recommend the following procedures:

  • Laser Photocoagulation – causes abnormal, leaky blood vessels to shrink
  • Vitrectomy – used to treat severe retinal bleeding
  • Anti-VEGF Injections – prevents the growth of new, leaky blood vessels

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Call Us Today!

At Callahan Eye Clinic, our doctors have a wide range of experience in diagnosing and treating diabetic complications. Our goal for you is the healthiest, clearest vision possible. If you have diabetes, it is important for you to receive annual eye exams to ensure your eyes are healthy. If you need to make an appointment for your annual diabetic eye exam, contact us today!