Callahan Eye Clinic Post

All About Cataracts
Posted on 06/20/2017

All About Cataracts

As your trusted ophthalmologists and optometrists in Birmingham, AL, we at Callahan Eye Clinic make it our goal to provide you with the best in compassionate eye care. This dedication isn’t simply just when you step into our Birmingham, AL office – we aim to be there for you whenever you have any questions regarding your visual health. Having said that, we’d like to provide you with a simple and informative guide about one of the most common eye conditions that can affect your visual health – cataracts.

What Are Cataracts?

A cataract is the clouding of the natural lens in the eye. People with cataracts may experience blurry or cloudy vision. This isn’t a condition that pops up overnight; cataracts typically take time to develop and won’t bother your eyesight early on. However, they’ll eventually begin to disturb your vision. Cataracts are considered to be the most common cause of vision loss for those who are over the age of 40.

Who Is at Risk for Cataracts?

The number one risk factor for cataracts is age. The older a person is, the greater of a chance that he or she will develop cataracts. While cataracts are rare in patients who are under 40, this condition will actually occur in over half of all adults who are at least 60 years old. Age is the top determining factor for developing cataracts, but there are others who are at risk as well. You’ll have a greater chance of having cataracts if:

  • You have family members with cataracts.
  • You had an eye injury.
  • You spent too much time in the sun without protecting your eyes from UV rays.
  • You smoke or spend a lot of time around smoke.
  • You’re suffering from diabetes or certain other medical conditions.

What Are the Symptoms of Cataracts?

Some of the symptoms of cataracts include:

  • Blurred or cloudy vision
  • Sensitivity to glare and light
  • Difficulty seeing at night
  • Seeing double in one eye
  • Changes in the colors you see
  • Glasses or contacts not working as prescribed

How Are Cataracts Diagnosed?

At Callahan Eye Clinic, we utilize several different methods to determine whether you have cataracts. As your Birmingham, AL ophthalmologists, we can use:

  • A visual acuity test to determine how well you see at various distances.
  • A dilated eye exam to examine the lens, your retinas and optic nerves for any damage.
  • A tonometer to measure pressure inside your eye.

How Are Cataracts Treated?

For mild and developing cataracts, you may only require a stronger pair of glasses for the time being. If that doesn’t work or if the cataracts start interfering with your daily life, you’ll likely require cataract surgery. Cataract surgery is the only effective way to truly get rid of a cataract. In this procedure, your natural lens will be removed and replaced with an artificial lens, often referred to as an intraocular lens (IOL). This is a simple surgery that’s able to be completed in one day. Over 95 percent of patients who have undergone this cataract surgery have experienced improved vision.

Contact Your Birmingham, AL Ophthalmologists Today!

If you have any further questions about cataracts, please don’t hesitate to contact us. If you’d like to schedule an appointment with us, you can give us a call at (205) 933-6888. We look forward to hearing from you!